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Hkd 1 Diagramm für EUR in HKD

Hier bekommen Sie ausgewählte und orginale Ersatzteile für Ihren Brunner HKD aus dem Fachhandel. In unserem Ersatzteilsortiment können Sie zudem alles. Convert 1 Hongkong-Dollar to Euro. Get live exchange rates, historical rates & charts for HKD to EUR with XE's free currency calculator. Convert 1 Euro to Hongkong-Dollar. Get live exchange rates, historical rates & charts for EUR to HKD with XE's free currency calculator. Der Kachelofeneinsatz HKD von BRUNNER, die geniale Idee, Holz zu heizen. BRUNNER HKD /// Zeige 1 bis 10 (von insgesamt 10 Artikeln). 1 CHF = 8,49 HKD HKD = 11, CHF. Wechselkurs des Euro zum Hongkong-Dollar seit Wechselkurs zum US-Dollar seit Der Hongkong-Dollar (chinesisch 港元, Pinyin Gǎngyuán, Jyutping Gong2jyun4, ehemals 港圓.

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Under the licence from the Hong Kong Monetary Authority, three commercial banks are licensed to issue their own banknotes for general circulation in Hong Kong.

As of April , the Hong Kong dollar is the ninth most traded currency in the world. When Hong Kong was established as a free trading port in , there was no local currency in everyday circulation.

Foreign currencies such as Indian rupees , Spanish and Mexican 8 reales , and Chinese cash coins circulated. By , the British government gave up all attempts to influence the currency situation in Canada, and by the s it came to the same realisation in Hong Kong: that there was no point in trying to displace an already existing currency system.

In , the Royal Mint in London began issuing special subsidiary coinage for use in Hong Kong within the dollar system, though other national currencies circulated unofficially for years afterwards.

The machinery at the Hong Kong mint was sold first to Jardine Matheson and in turn to the Japanese and used to make the first Yen coins in In the s, banknotes of the new British colonial banks, the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China , denominated in dollars, also began to circulate in both Hong Kong and the wider region.

In , the international silver crisis resulted in a devaluation of silver against gold-based currencies. Since the silver dollars in the US and Canada were attached to a gold exchange standard, this meant that the silver dollars circulating along the China coast dropped in value as compared to the US dollar and the Canadian dollar.

By , the circumstances had changed to the extent that there was now a dearth of Mexican dollars and the authorities in both Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements were putting pressure on the authorities in London to take measures to have a regular supply of silver dollar coins.

London eventually acquiesced and legislation was enacted in attempts to regulate the coinage. In , the Straits Settlements issued their own silver dollar coin and attached it to a gold sterling exchange standard at a fixed value of 2 shillings and 4 pence.

This was the point of departure as between the Hong Kong unit and the Straits unit. By , only Hong Kong and China remained on the silver standard.

It was from this point in time that the concept of a Hong Kong dollar as a distinct unit of currency came into existence. The One-Dollar Currency Note Ordinance of that year led to the introduction of one-dollar notes by the government and the government acknowledged the Hong Kong dollar as the local monetary unit.

It was not until that the legal tender of Hong Kong was finally unified. The discussion about switching from the silver standard to the gold standard began as early as A commission report was released in May It concluded that it was important for Hong Kong to facilitate free flow of capital with China and the same monetary standard was thus preferred.

The report also recommended the Hong Kong Government only to take over the burden of note issuance when the banks failed to do so.

Actually, the Hong Kong Government was not willing to take up the logistics of note issuance, and some officials even thought that the public had greater degree of confidence in the notes issued by those long-established banks than that by the government.

During the Japanese occupation , the Japanese military yen were the only means of everyday exchange in Hong Kong.

The yen became the only legal tender on 1 June On 6 September , all military yen notes used in Japanese colonies were declared void by the Japanese Ministry of Finance.

After the end of the Second World War, the United Kingdom made efforts in maintaining the sterling area with countries of the British Commonwealth as well as its colonies.

It imposed exchange controls on non-sterling area countries, barring them from freely converting British pounds into US dollars, but no such restriction was placed on sterling area countries.

As a colony of the British Empire, Hong Kong was obliged to observe the sterling area regulations. Nevertheless, its unique position afforded Hong Kong the ability to defy exchange controls by operating a dual system with the sterling area and a free exchange market, which was technically illegal from to In the s, the UK found it difficult to keep the value of sterling as it was, with its role as official reserve currency even within the sterling area.

Considering the potential diversification of official reserves from sterling to the US dollars by the Hong Kong government officials, London agreed to offer exchange guarantees to protect Hong Kong against potential devaluation of sterling in the future, which was the first to receive such guarantees among the sterling area countries.

After the US's cessation of the convertibility between gold and the US dollar in October , Britain abandoned the fixed exchange rate with the US dollar and extended the exchange controls also to the Sterling Area countries, which put an effective end to the Sterling Area in Since , the Hong Kong dollar was no longer anchored in another currency, which officially changed the monetary regime from currency broad system to a floating currency system.

The peg of Hong Kong dollar to the US dollar in actually took place in the context of Sino-British negotiation regarding the future of Hong Kong after Public panic set in and there were runs on foodstuff on this Black Saturday In political terms, the government did not want to set the rate too weak so as to warrant international allegations of currency manipulation for competitive advantages, or too strong a rate that would result in high interest rates and the eventual abandonment of the rate.

John Bremridge was once quoted saying that the rate was somewhat "a number off the air", but the most important thing was the restoration of public confidence in Hong Kong dollar with the peg amidst the crisis.

Financially, the currency peg was designed not to require the Bank of England to lend its reserves to maintain Hong Kong's currency peg. Politically, the currency broad system well demonstrated the autonomy London has given to Hong Kong in economic policymaking amidst British negotiation with China to grant Hong Kong's higher autonomy after A bank can issue a Hong Kong dollar only if it has the equivalent exchange in US dollars on deposit.

The currency board system ensures that Hong Kong's entire monetary base is backed with US dollars at the linked exchange rate.

The resources for the backing are kept in Hong Kong's exchange fund , which is among the largest official reserves in the world. He acknowledged the heavy and direct influence of the Federal Reserve of the United States on Hong Kong's monetary policy under the currency peg, but argued that "It was Hong Kong's choice, and we do not require any permission from Washington or New York to continue or discontinue it".

The lower limit has been lowered from 7. A further aim of allowing the Hong Kong dollar to trade in a range is to avoid the HK dollar being used as a proxy for speculative bets on a renminbi revaluation.

Some of these terms are also used by overseas Chinese to refer their local currency. A slang term in English sometimes used for the Hong Kong dollar is "Honkie".

The 1-mil and 1-cent were struck in bronze, with the 1 mil a holed coin. The remaining coins were struck in silver.

Production of the 1-mil ended in , whilst that of the half-dollar and 1-dollar ceased in , with only the half-dollar now with the denomination given as 50 cents resuming production in Production of all silver coins was suspended in , only briefly resumed in and for the production of 5-cent coins.

In , the last 1-cent coins were issued, but the last minting was These were not issued because the Japanese sank a ship carrying 1-cent coins bound for Hong Kong in the Second World War.

The following year , cupro-nickel 5 and 10 cents were introduced, replaced by nickel in and nickel-brass between and Copper-nickel 50 cents were issued in and first bore the name "fifty cents" in both Chinese and English, but these were changed to nickel-brass in In , cupro-nickel 1-dollar coins were introduced, these were then reduced in size in They were followed in by nickel-brass 20 cents and cupro-nickel 2-dollar both scallop shaped , and in by decagonal , cupro-nickel 5-dollar coin, changed to a round thicker shape in The 5-cent coin was last issued in , but last struck in In , a bimetallic dollar coin was introduced.

Most of the notes and coins in circulations feature Hong Kong's Bauhinia flower or other symbols. Coins with the Queen's portrait are still legal tender and can be seen, but these are slowly being phased out.

However, most still remain in legal tender and are in circulation. Because the redesign was highly sensitive with regard to political and economic reasons, the designing process of the new coins could not be entrusted to an artist but was undertaken by Joseph Yam , Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority , himself who found in the bauhinia the requested "politically neutral design" and did a secret "scissors and paste job".

In , to commemorate Hong Kong's transfer of sovereignty from Britain to the PRC , the government issued a new commemorative coin set which depicted Chinese cultural themes and Hong Kong's landmarks and 19 and 97, marking the year , on each side of the designs.

Under licence from the HKMA, three commercial banks issue their own banknotes for general circulation in the region. Notes are also issued by the HKMA itself.

In most countries of the world the issue of banknotes is handled exclusively by a single central bank or government. The arrangements in Hong Kong are unusual but not unique; a comparable system is used in the United Kingdom , where seven banks issue banknotes.

In , the first private bank, the Oriental Bank , was founded. Denominations issued in the s and s included 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, and dollars.

These notes were not accepted by the Treasury for payment of government dues and taxes , although they were accepted for use by merchants.

Under the Currency Ordinance of , banknotes in denominations of 5 dollars and above issued by the three authorised local banks, the Mercantile Bank of India Limited, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China and the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, were all declared legal tender.

The government took over production of 1 dollar notes. In , the government introduced notes for 1, 5 and 10 cents due to the difficulty of transporting coins to Hong Kong caused by the Second World War a ship carrying 1-cent coins was sunk, making this unissued coin very rare.

Just before the Japanese occupation, an emergency issue of 1 dollar notes was made consisting of overprinted Bank of China 5 yuan notes. In , paper money production resumed essentially unaltered from before the war, with the government issuing 1, 5 and 10 cents, and 1-dollar notes, and the three banks issuing 5, 10, 50, and dollar notes.

In , the 5-dollar notes were replaced by a coin, whilst 1,dollar notes were introduced in In , dollar notes were introduced, whilst, in , a dollar coin was introduced and the banks stopped issuing 10 dollar notes.

After a less-than-successful trial from to to move the dollar denomination from the banknote format issued by the banks to the coin format Government-issued , 10 dollar banknotes are currently the only denomination issued by the HKMA, having acquired the note printing plant at Tai Po from the De La Rue Group of the UK on behalf of the Government.

The older dollar banknotes are, although rare and being phased out, still circulating. A commemorative polymer ten dollar note was issued in July to commemorate the 10th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to China.

A new series of banknotes was issued starting in When the market rate is below 7. The same mechanism also works when the market rate is above 7.

Following the Internationalization of the renminbi and the inclusion of the Renminbi in the special drawing rights , there has been debates to peg the Hong Kong dollar with the Renminbi, instead of the United States dollar.

Moreover, according to figures from the HKMA as of the end of , Renminbi deposits and certificates of deposits stood at 1. However, in January , the volatility in the Renminbi and China's financial markets expanded to Hong Kong's markets and its currency.

In response to the market speculation, Hong Kong Monetary Authority said on 27 January that the regulator will protect Hong Kong dollar's linked exchange rate regime.

Yet, many investors no longer consider Hong Kong as a safe haven as they once had given increasing financial influence by mainland China. As Hong Kong's financial markets are highly impacted by mainland China, the Renminbi exchange rate as well as China's equity market remain in a state of high volatility and continues to weigh on Hong Kong markets and the Hong Kong dollar.

The rate has been moving to 7. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the airport in Japan, see Hakodate Airport. Main article: Coins of the Hong Kong dollar.

Main article: Banknotes of the Hong Kong dollar. Main article: Linked exchange rate system in Hong Kong.

The percentages above are the percent of trades involving that currency regardless of whether it is bought or sold, e. In , the 5-dollar notes were replaced by a coin, whilst 1,dollar notes were introduced in In , dollar notes were introduced, whilst, in , a dollar coin was introduced and the banks stopped issuing 10 dollar notes.

After a less-than-successful trial from to to move the dollar denomination from the banknote format issued by the banks to the coin format Government-issued , 10 dollar banknotes are currently the only denomination issued by the HKMA, having acquired the note printing plant at Tai Po from the De La Rue Group of the UK on behalf of the Government.

The older dollar banknotes are, although rare and being phased out, still circulating. A commemorative polymer ten dollar note was issued in July to commemorate the 10th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to China.

A new series of banknotes was issued starting in When the market rate is below 7. The same mechanism also works when the market rate is above 7.

Following the Internationalization of the renminbi and the inclusion of the Renminbi in the special drawing rights , there has been debates to peg the Hong Kong dollar with the Renminbi, instead of the United States dollar.

Moreover, according to figures from the HKMA as of the end of , Renminbi deposits and certificates of deposits stood at 1. However, in January , the volatility in the Renminbi and China's financial markets expanded to Hong Kong's markets and its currency.

In response to the market speculation, Hong Kong Monetary Authority said on 27 January that the regulator will protect Hong Kong dollar's linked exchange rate regime.

Yet, many investors no longer consider Hong Kong as a safe haven as they once had given increasing financial influence by mainland China.

As Hong Kong's financial markets are highly impacted by mainland China, the Renminbi exchange rate as well as China's equity market remain in a state of high volatility and continues to weigh on Hong Kong markets and the Hong Kong dollar.

The rate has been moving to 7. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the airport in Japan, see Hakodate Airport. Main article: Coins of the Hong Kong dollar.

Main article: Banknotes of the Hong Kong dollar. Main article: Linked exchange rate system in Hong Kong. The percentages above are the percent of trades involving that currency regardless of whether it is bought or sold, e.

Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department. Archived from the original on 16 June Retrieved 23 May Archived from the original on 31 May Retrieved 13 June Bank for International Settlements.

Retrieved 16 September Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original on 9 July Retrieved 8 January Uneasy Partners: The conflict between public interests and private profit in Hong Kong.

Economic History Association. Retrieved 30 May The Economic History Review. Memoirs by Allen Lee. Hong Kong: CUP. South China Morning Post.

Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 28 May Archived PDF from the original on 30 October Retrieved 12 June Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 19 January Archived PDF from the original on 21 June Retrieved 13 March Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 21 July Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 16 December Archived from the original on 27 February Archived from the original on 13 May Hong Kong.

Crime Prostitution Sex trafficking. Mother coin Ancestor coin. Hong Kong dollar Macanese pataca. See also: Economy of China Economy of Taiwan.

Economy of Hong Kong. International rankings of Hong Kong. List of power stations in Hong Kong.

See also: Economy of Macau Economy of Asia. Currencies named dollar or similar. Chinese yuan Ethiopian birr Malaysian ringgit.

Niue dollar Pitcairn Islands dollar. Eurodollar Petrodollar International dollar Geary—Khamis dollar. Linden dollar Project Entropia Dollar.

Angus Bucks. Russian ruble. Hidden categories: Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: archived copy as title Use British English from April Use dmy dates from April Articles containing Chinese-language text Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Hong Kong Monetary Authority.

Gong2 jyun4. Gong 2 yuen 4. Gong2 yun4. Kong yun. Gong2 bai6. Culture Education Geography History Politics. Hong Kong Portal.

Rarely used; lit. United States dollar. Japanese yen. Pound sterling. Australian dollar. Canadian dollar. Swiss franc. Hong Kong dollar. New Zealand dollar.

Swedish krona. South Korean won. Singapore dollar.

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